Health care is a sector that is already under quite some pressure, with pent up demand for certain occupations, but will be more of a bottleneck in the years ahead due to the ageing population. To be able to counter these labour market issues, it is crucial to get a sense of the amount of employment demanded in the sector in the years ahead and to make projections of the supply. This recently posted NEUJOBS working paper by Schulz et al. provides insights the demand and supply for health care workers in the coming decades.
The countries that Schulz et al. study are Denmark, Germany, Italy, Poland and Slovakia and they find that in four out of five countries, demand for health care workers will outpace supply between now and 2025. This is the case in both the friendly and the tough scenarios that have been studied, even though in the friendly scenario the differences are much smaller. Only Poland is expected to see supply outpace demand, actually resulting in a large surplus of health care workers. Especially Italy is expected to see large problems occur in terms of supply and demand in the years ahead. For detailed analysis, please read this interesting paper.
The third edition of the “Employment and Social Developments in Europe” (ESDE) review has been released by the European Commission in January. The review - which was picked up by The Telegraph, Tijd/Echo, La Stampa, Dario Economico, La Liberation, Die Welt, Gazeta Wyborcza and many other newspapers - provides an encompassing and rather unsettling picture of the social situation in the EU Member States. The key point stressed by the Commissioner László Andor is the increased divergence between Member States (especially in the Eurozone), which threatens to undermine the European Union itself.
While before the crisis various employment and social indicators showed increasing convergence between the Eurozone countries, this trend was largely halted by the global financial and economic crisis. Continue reading
Did you know that…….
1. the current unfilled jobs rate in the US is 2.6%?
2. that the share of jobs that require postsecondary education went from 29% in 1970 to 59% in 2010 in America?
3. that massive online open courses (MOOCs) are growing exponentially?
….more interesting info in this infographic produced for the US and that we are happy to share.
On 9 December, EU Employment ministers hammered out a “general approach” on the controversial posting-of-workers enforcement directive. The Lithuanian presidency was obliged to change the text numerous times – untill the very last minute of the negotiations – in order for a wider compromise to be achieved. The initial Directive, which dates back from 1996, aimed to resolve various well-known legal, administrative and practical forms of abuse and fraudulent practices when workers are temporarily posted in another country. In practice however (several studies showed) Member States failed to ensure that workers posted under false arrangements receive the rights, pay and conditions of the country in which they work. Continue reading
On the 21st of June CEPS hosted a conference on the highly debated topic of youth unemployment in collaboration with the ENEPRI network, which provided most of the input to the conference drawing from the experience of different EU countries.
Five of the cases studies presented became the object of a Forum in the journal “Intereconomics”:
- Youth Unemployment in Belgium: Diagnosis and Key Remedies, by Bart Cockx
- Spanish Youth Unemployment: Déjà Vu, by Juan J. Dolado, Florentino Felgueroso and Marcel Jansen
- Enhancing Youth Opportunities in Employment: Determinants and Policy Implications, by Izabela StyczyŃska
- The Impact of the Recession on the Structure and Labour Market Success of NEET Youth in Ireland, by Elish Kelly and Seamus McGuinness. Continue reading
During times of prolonged unemployment, it is rather common that people long searching for jobs drop out of the labor force. People that have been unemployed for an especially longer period of time are more likely to lose faith and stop looking for work. One would expect this to be true for Europe, with record high unemployment and more than eight percent of the total labor force being unemployed for more than a year in countries like Portugal, Spain, and Ireland. Continue reading
The subjects that university students actually study have been the object of extensive attention by the public and policy-makers at both national and European levels. Due to the ‘massification’ of higher education, the question “what to study” is steadily replacing “whether to study” as the key question facing young people today. Apparently an ‘excessive’ preference for ‘soft’ subjects at the expense of ‘hard’ ones, despite supposedly better employment and pay prospects of the latter, and the need to boost numbers of graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, particularly for women, has been acknowledged even in high-level EU strategies and European Council conclusions. Continue reading
The 2012 edition of Social developments in the European Union (edited by David Natali and Bart Vanhercke from OSE) provides evidence of pending problems and challenges. At the top of the agenda the need the EU allows Northern countries for more growth-oriented budgetary policies to increase aggregate demand. This could help countries most hit by recession to exit the crisis. This is what Paul De Grauwe (from London School of Economics) has stressed in his inspiring contribution to the volume. Continue reading
The Dutch government published on 21 June a memo which gives interesting inputs on the discussion on the “Social dimension of EMU”. In a 54 point list of actions, it is stated that “the Netherlands believes that efforts to strengthen the social dimension of the EMU must dovetail with existing agreements and fit into current legal and financial frameworks. This means, among other things, that no attempts should be made to bring about further harmonisation of social security systems. The EU coordinates and supplements national policy, but the member states must shape the fundamental principles of their labour market and social security systems themselves (including their financial balance)”.
To sum up, the document addresses the open question of the need for a more integrated social Europe.
More info at: « Full document : “Testing European legislation for subsidiarity and proportionality” – Dutch list of points for action, 21 June 2013. http://www.government.nl/files/documents-and-publications/notes/2013/06/21/testing-european-legislation-for-subsidiarity-and-proportionality-dutch-list-of-points-for-action/eindrapportage-definitief.pdf
Job quality has emerged as a leading issue in several research projects funded by the European Commission’s 6th and 7th Framework Programmes. Kindly hosted by the Belgian National Labour Council, this NEUJOBS Round Table on job quality in EU research aims to promote an exchange of knowledge and experience between EU networks of excellence. It also seeks to inform the socio-economic research agenda under Horizon2020 (2014-2020).
During the first session, scholars from each FP6/7 project explain how they have measured and studied job quality and outline their findings and policy recommendations. Keynote speakers include Ana Marta Guillén and Sonja Drobnič (RECWOWE), Ursula Holtgrewe and Sem Vandekerckhove (WALQING), Marcela Veselkova and Christoph Hilbert (NEUJOBS) and Monique Ramioul (InGRID).
After this ‘framing’ session, a professional moderator (Willy De Backer) leads a policy-oriented debate between the speakers and the audience entitled “Why does Job Quality Matter from a European Policy Perspective?” The speakers will include Tom Bevers (Employment Committee), Agnès Parent-Thirion (EUROFOUND), Józef Niemiec (European Trade Union Confederation), and Robert Strauss (European Commission), as well as a representative of BusinessEurope. A networking lunch concludes the session.
Date: 2 July 2013 – 9.00 – 13.00
Venue: National Labour Council (CNT), avenue de la Joyeuse entrée 17-21, 1040 Brussels, room 1
Invitation and Programme: http://www.ose.be/EN/agenda.htm
Registration on line: http://www.ose.be/roundtable020713/